the science of arranging time in fixed periods for the purpose of dating events accurately and arranging them in order of occurrence. a reference book organized according to the dates of past events. From Middle English time, tyme, from Old English tÄ«ma (“time, period, space of time, season, lifetime, fixed time, favorable time, opportunity"), from Proto-Germanic *tÄ«mÃ´ (“time"), from Proto-Indo-European *dÄ«- (“time").—chronologer, chronologist, the study of two or more related but distinct languages in order to determine when they separated, by examining the lexicon they share and those parts of it that have been replaced. a camera for recording motion by a series of photographs taken at brief intervals. Cognate with Scots tym, tyme (“time"), Alemannic German Zimen, ZÄ«mmÃ¤n (“time, time of the year, opportune time, opportunity"), Danish time (“stound, hour, lesson"), Swedish timme (“stound, hour"), Norwegian time (“time, stound, hour"), Faroese tÃmi (“hour, lesson, time"), Icelandic tÃmi (“time, season").
The method drastically reduces the quantity of datable material required.
Outside evidence, such as dating of two or more stages in the development, may be needed to determine which is the first and which the last member of the series.
There are several types of seriation: SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: chronology CATEGORY: technique DEFINITION: The process by which an archaeologist determines dates for objects, deposits, buildings, etc., in an attempt to situate a given phenomenon in time.
Archaeological material, such as assemblages of pottery or the deposited with burials, are arranged into chronological order.
The types that comprise the assemblages to be ordered in this way must be from the same archaeological tradition, and from a single region or locality.